Making a great cup of coffee with a French press is a relatively simple process, and it allows you to enjoy the full flavor and aroma of your coffee beans.
Here’s a step-by-step guide:
Ingredients and Tools:
Coarsely ground coffee beans (about 1 to 1.5 ounces or 28 to 42 grams for every 16 ounces or 473 mL of water).
Fresh, clean, and cold water.
French press coffee maker.
A kettle or pot to heat water.
A timer (your phone’s timer will do).
A coffee grinder (if your beans are not pre-ground).
A stirring utensil.
A kitchen scale (optional, but helpful for precision).
Preheat the French Press: Boil water and preheat your French press by pouring some of the hot water into it. Swirl the water around to warm the press, then discard the water.
Measure Coffee: Measure out the coarsely ground coffee beans. A common coffee-to-water ratio is about 1:15 to 1:17, so for 16 ounces (473 mL) of water, use 1 to 1.5 ounces (28-42 grams) of coffee.
Boil Water: Heat the remaining water to the desired temperature. The ideal water temperature for coffee is around 200°F (93°C). If you don’t have a thermometer, bring the water to a boil and let it sit for a minute to cool slightly.
Add Coffee: Add the coarsely ground coffee to the French press.
Bloom the Coffee: Pour a small amount of hot water (about twice the weight of the coffee) over the grounds to saturate them evenly. This is called “blooming.” Let it sit for about 30 seconds to allow the coffee to degas.
Pour Water: After the bloom, pour the remaining hot water evenly over the coffee grounds. Be sure to saturate all the grounds.
Stir: Use a stirring utensil to gently stir the coffee-water mixture to ensure even extraction. Place the lid on the French press but do not plunge it down yet.
Steep: Start your timer and let the coffee steep for about 3-4 minutes. Adjust the steeping time to your taste preferences; a longer steeping time will result in a stronger brew.
Plunge: After the steeping time, slowly press down the plunger. Apply gentle and even pressure to separate the coffee grounds from the liquid.
Pour and Enjoy: Pour your freshly brewed coffee into your favorite mug and enjoy. French press coffee is best when served immediately, so don’t let it sit for too long, as it can become bitter.
Remember that you can adjust the coffee-to-water ratio, grind size, and steeping time to match your taste preferences. The quality of your coffee beans and water will also significantly impact the final flavor, so use good-quality ingredients for the best results.