The term “heirloom” is often used in the context of coffee to refer to traditional or native coffee varieties, and it is indeed more commonly associated with Arabica coffee varieties. Heirloom coffee varieties are typically older, traditional cultivars that have been passed down through generations of coffee farmers. These varieties are often prized for their unique flavor profiles and distinct characteristics that have developed over time in specific regions.
Heirloom Arabica coffee varieties are valued for their exceptional quality and regional specificity. They are often grown in specific microclimates and have adapted to local conditions over many years. Some examples of heirloom Arabica coffee varieties include Typica, Bourbon, Geisha (or Gesha), SL28, and SL34, among others. Each of these heirloom varieties is known for its unique flavor attributes and is often associated with a particular coffee-growing region.
In contrast, the term “heirloom” is less commonly applied to Robusta coffee varieties, as Robusta is generally considered a more recent addition to the coffee world and has a different genetic history compared to Arabica.
Overall, heirloom Arabica coffee varieties are highly regarded for their historical significance and the distinctive qualities they bring to the world of specialty coffee. They are often the focus of attention for coffee producers and consumers seeking exceptional and unique coffee experiences.