Harrar coffee, also spelled as Harar coffee, is a well-known coffee variety originating from the Harrar region in Ethiopia. It is one of the most famous coffee varieties in the country and has a rich history dating back centuries. Here is some information about Harrar coffee:
Origin: Harrar coffee is grown in the Eastern Highlands of Ethiopia, particularly in the Harrar region, which is located in the Eastern part of the country. Ethiopia is often considered the birthplace of coffee, and Harrar coffee is one of the many distinct coffee varieties that have been cultivated there for centuries.
Coffee Varietals: Harrar coffee is primarily made from coffee beans of the Arabica species. However, it is important to note that Ethiopia is known for its diverse coffee varieties and heirloom cultivars. Within the Harrar region, you may find various Arabica coffee cultivars contributing to the coffee’s unique flavor.
Processing Method: One of the defining characteristics of Harrar coffee is its natural or dry-processed method. In this process, ripe coffee cherries are picked and then dried in the sun with the fruit still attached to the bean. This process imparts a distinct fruity and wine-like flavor profile to the coffee, which sets it apart from other coffee varieties.
Flavor Profile: Harrar coffee is known for its full-bodied and bold flavor. It often exhibits a complex flavor profile with notes of wine, fruit, and sometimes earthy or spicy undertones. The natural processing method contributes to its unique fruity and slightly fermented taste.
Grading: Harrar coffee is typically graded into different categories based on bean size, quality, and defects. The highest quality Harrar coffee is referred to as “Grade 4” or “Longberry,” and it consists of the largest and most desirable beans. Lower grades may include smaller beans or those with defects.
Coffee Regions: Within the Harrar region, there are different coffee growing areas, each with its own distinct characteristics. Some well-known areas include Harrar (the city), Sidamo, and Yirgacheffe, all of which produce unique Ethiopian coffees.
Market Presence: Harrar coffee is well-regarded in the global coffee market and is often sold as a single-origin specialty coffee. It is favored by coffee enthusiasts who appreciate its rich and exotic flavors. Harrar coffee is available in various forms, including whole bean, ground coffee, and even as part of espresso blends.
Harrar coffee is an integral part of Ethiopia’s coffee heritage and continues to be celebrated for its unique and robust flavor. Its distinct natural processing method and the region’s unique growing conditions contribute to its exceptional character, making it a sought-after choice for those looking to experience the diverse world of coffee.