Coffee varieties derived from the Liberica variety (Coffea liberica) are less common and less well-known than those derived from the Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora) coffee species. Liberica coffee is primarily grown in West and Central Africa, as well as some parts of Southeast Asia. It is known for its unique flavor profile, which is distinct from Arabica and Robusta coffees.
Here are a few coffee varieties that have been derived from Coffea liberica:
Coffea liberica var. dewevrei (Excelsa): This variety of Liberica is often referred to as Excelsa. It is known for its tart and fruity flavors and is commonly used in blends to add complexity.
Coffea liberica var. liberica (Liberian Coffee): This is the classic Liberica variety. It has a bold and earthy flavor profile with woody and smoky notes. Liberian coffee is less popular in the specialty coffee market but is still grown in parts of West Africa.
Coffea liberica var. robusta (Nganda or Koukou): While Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) is a distinct species, some varieties of Liberica, such as Coffea liberica var. robusta, exhibit similar characteristics to Robusta. They are known for their higher caffeine content and robust, bitter taste.
Coffea liberica var. excelsa (Liberica Excelsa): This is another subtype of Liberica that is sometimes differentiated from the classic Liberian coffee. It has a unique and complex flavor profile with fruity, tart, and woody notes.
Coffea liberica var. aruwak (Aruwak Coffee): Aruwak coffee is a variety of Liberica that is grown in Indonesia. It has a milder flavor compared to other Liberica varieties and is used primarily in Indonesian coffee blends.
It’s important to note that Liberica coffee has historically been less popular in the global coffee market compared to Arabica and Robusta. However, efforts are being made to promote and improve the quality of Liberica coffee beans, and some specialty coffee producers are experimenting with different processing methods and roasting profiles to highlight its unique flavor characteristics.