Excelsa coffee, also known as Liberica var. Dewevrei, is a distinct coffee variety within the Liberica species (Coffee liberica). It is primarily grown in West and Central Africa and is known for its unique and bold flavor profile. While not as well-known as Arabica or Robusta, Excelsa has its own set of sub-varieties and cultivars. Here are some of the coffee varieties derived from Excelsa (Liberica var. Dewevrei):
The standard Excelsa coffee variety is known for its tart, fruity, and wine-like flavor notes.
It is often used in coffee blends to add a unique and bold taste characteristic.
Arabusta (Arabica-Robusta Hybrid):
Some hybrids have been developed by crossing Excelsa (Liberica var. Dewevrei) with Arabica (Coffee arabica) or Robusta (Coffee canephora).
These hybrids aim to combine the unique flavors of Excelsa with the desirable traits of Arabica or Robusta.
The resulting flavor profiles can vary depending on the specific hybrid.
Java (Indonesian Excelsa):
Excelsa coffee is also grown on the Indonesian island of Java.
Java Excelsa is known for its bold and earthy flavor profile, with a distinct taste that sets it apart from other coffee varieties.
Liberica var. Dewevrei Sub-varieties:
Within the Excelsa variety (Liberica var. Dewevrei), there may be sub-varieties or regional variations that exhibit slightly different flavor profiles.
These variations can be influenced by factors such as growing conditions, altitude, and processing methods.
In various regions where Excelsa coffee is cultivated, local cultivars may have been developed to suit specific environmental conditions and preferences.
These local cultivars can exhibit unique flavor profiles and characteristics.
Excelsa coffee can also be processed in various ways to create different flavor profiles.
For example, the beans may be fermented or aged to develop specific taste characteristics.
It’s important to note that Excelsa coffee is known for its bold and unconventional flavor, often described as having tart, fruity, and wine-like notes. While it may not be as widely popular as Arabica or Robusta, it is valued for its distinct taste and is sometimes used to enhance the complexity of coffee blends. The specific flavor attributes of Excelsa coffee can vary depending on the region, processing, and any hybrids or sub-varieties involved.