The term “Altura” coffee in Mexico typically refers to high-altitude coffee grown in various regions of the country. Mexico is known for producing high-quality coffee beans, and the altitude at which these beans are cultivated plays a crucial role in shaping their flavor profile.
Here is some information about Altura coffee in Mexico:
Altitude: Altura coffee in Mexico is grown at high altitudes, often ranging from 1,200 meters (3,937 feet) above sea level and reaching up to 1,800 meters (5,905 feet) or more. The high-altitude regions in Mexico that are famous for coffee production include Chiapas, Veracruz, Oaxaca, and Puebla.
Flavor Profile: The altitude and climate in these regions contribute to a unique flavor profile for Mexican Altura coffee. Typically, it is characterized by a bright, lively acidity, a medium body, and a mild, well-balanced flavor. Mexican coffee often exhibits nutty, chocolate, and citrus notes.
Varieties: Mexico grows a variety of coffee cultivars, but the majority of its coffee production consists of Arabica beans. Common Arabica varieties in Mexico include Typica, Bourbon, Mundo Novo, and Caturra.
Processing Methods: Coffee processing methods in Mexico can vary, but washed and natural processing methods are commonly used. Each processing method can influence the coffee’s flavor and aroma.
Sustainability: Many coffee farms in Mexico, especially those in the high-altitude regions, are committed to sustainable and environmentally friendly practices. Shade-grown coffee is also prevalent, which benefits both the coffee quality and the ecosystem.
Certifications: Some Mexican Altura coffee is certified as organic or Fair Trade, reflecting the commitment to ethical and sustainable farming practices.
Mexican Altura coffee is well-regarded for its quality and has been a staple in the specialty coffee industry. The unique combination of high altitudes, ideal climates, and traditional cultivation methods contributes to the distinctiveness and desirability of coffee from Mexico.